The “Bus Rapid Transit and Pedestrian Improvements Project in Jakarta (2007 – 2011)” is implemented by the Institute for Transportation and Development Policy (ITDP) in collaboration with the Government of DKI Jakarta and funded by the GEF-UNEP. The main objective of the project is to support a shift of trips from private motor vehicles to public transportation. Such shifting can happen if the services of public transport compete favorably with private vehicles, and with the support of other policies such as provision of facilities for the use of non-motorized transportation, transit oriented development and transportation demand management. The UNEP has conducted a Mid Term Evaluation (MTE) which was completed in August 2010. The project objectives have been adjusted based on MTE results. This report is for the period of January – June 2011.
Significant accomplishments achieved during this reporting period:
- The governor agreed with ITDP’s recommendation to further reform the institution of Transjakarta from a Full Public Service Agency (Full BLUD) to become a Public-Owned Private Company (BUMD) which is aimed to increase its ability in improving level of service of Transjakarta Busway. With ITDP’s assistance, the governor set a target for the transformation process to be completed within seven months (January – July 2011).
- Based on the Transjakarta Strategic Business Plan and the current conditions of Transjakarta operation and management, ITDP made some recommendations for the Transjakarta organizational structure, which are being further discussed the government and the selected Chief Executive Officer (CEO) in parallel with the institutional reform process.
- The Government of DKI Jakarta had annulled the failed legal basis of bus operator procurement, Governor Decree No. 123/2006, and replaced it with the new Governor Decree No. 173/2010.
- JakCard, the smart card for busway payment tool issued by DKI Bank, since October 2010 can be used at all busway corridors to purchase a busway ticket at the normal ticket booth. JakCard can also be used for other limited purpose of payments e.g. for shopping at some minimarkets.
- Corridors 9 & 10 were launched on 31st December 2010. ITDP conducted safety and delays survey along corridors 9 & 10 and provided recommendations for minimizing possible traffic accidents, reducing delays and developing more convenient transfer stations.
- The busway exclusive lane enforcement program has been conducted since August 2010. The program was executed by a task force unit with the members consisting of police, the DKI Jakarta transportation agency, the National Army and DKI Jakarta government patrol. The task force protected the TransJakarta lane from mix traffic. With this busway exclusive lane enforcement program, the travel time decrease especially in the afternoon and the number of passengers increased.
- DKI Jakarta Transportation Agency has planned the busway control system as part of the whole Intelligent Traffic System (ITS) and has budgeted about 30 Billion Rupiahs at the DKI Jakarta Local Budget Allocation (APBD) year 2011.
- One of the biggest operational problems of busway, the CNG refueling system, has been resolved since the Ministry of Energy and Mineral Resources (MoEMR) has issued two new regulations on CNG.
- ITDP supported a busway exclusive lanes enforcement campaign by conducting some events and producing and distributing campaign materials. One of the campaign materials, a sticker which is affixed to the back of the buses, is considered an effective means of communication based on a survey conducted by the Indonesia Consumer Foundation (YLKI).
- ITDP supported DKI Jakarta in promoting the operation of new corridors 9 & 10 and identifying their routes and bus stop locations, which was aimed to increase public awareness. Campaign activities included press conference, media visit, posters placement, distribution of a route map, and video presentation regarding the benefits of choosing Transjakarta.
- A comprehensive study to analyze the feeder bus network around Jakarta’s BRT system, evaluate the institutional framework, and develop a business model that is economically sustainable and results in high quality service is being executed by a selected international consultant PT. Siddharta Consulting (KPMG) in consortium with Steer Davies Gleave (SDG).
- Jakarta Transport Agency is currently preparing the trial for short and simple feeder routes that will connect to some busway stations. ITDP is assisting and coordinating intensively with Jakarta Transportation Agency to prepare this and will consider integrating with the comprehensive study.
- Jakarta congestion problems have become concern of the Indonesia President, Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono, who has instructed the Vice President to take necessary actions. One of the national commitments is providing the Government Regulation regarding Road Pricing. In parallel, the Government of DKI Jakarta is preparing a Local Regulation on Road Pricing & Parking Policy which is supported by a Coalition of Transport Demand Management (TDM). The Coalition of TDM has prepared an academic paper as one of requirements for local regulation development and drafted the local regulation (Perda) on road pricing and parking policies.
- The physical (dimensions, construction quality, etc) and people mobility (number of people walking and their direction) conditions of sidewalks around 200 – 500 meters of 143 busway stations had been surveyed and documented. Detailed engineering designs for the priority locations and a pilot project of pedestrian along Harmony – Kota Tua in total length around 3.5 km have been developed.
- The institutional form of Transmetro Pekanbaru BRT had been determined as a Full BLU after the evaluation team assessed all required documents. Some required regulations have been prepared such as: City Major Regulation on full BLU, City Major Regulation on Assessment for working units that implement full BLUD, City Major Decree on Stipulation of Technical Unit of Urban Transit Management to implement full BLUD.
- Based on intensive approaches by ITDP with the involved agencies and the City Mayor, it was decided that the upcoming construction of corridor 3 Transmetro Pekanbaru will have bus stations located in the median road.
- The report of Mid Term Evaluation was completed in August 2010. Based on 58 recommendations from the evaluator, the responses and action plan have been made and discussed with DKI Jakarta.
- The third Project steering committee meeting in 2010 was conducted on 23rd December 2010 with a focus on the project Mid Term Evaluation commitments and implementation plan.
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